Cosmology - Astrophysics

socratus

socratus
Dec 10, 2008
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Cosmology.
About Dark energy
Dark energy is the Energy of the Cosmic Vacuum, because IT is the source of "virtual particles",
which (due to entropy and quantum fluctuations) created the entire material world.
About dark matter.
Dark matter exists in the Cosmic Vacuum at a temperature of about T=0K, and if we use
the theory of "Ideal Gas", then dark matter consists of Boltzmann k-molar particles.
#
On the transformation of a quantum particle.
When an observed quantum (dualistic) particle (in our material world) decays/collapses,
It immediately appears in another world - in the Cosmic Vacuum, in the form of so-called
"virtual particles", which can reappear as real, observable particles (due to entropy,
quantum fluctuation and the so-called "renormalization method")
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socratus

socratus
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The evidence of a quantum circle-particle.
Charles law states: when the temperature decrease by 1° degree,
then the volume of the particles decrease by 1/273. So, at T= -273,15
the volume disappear and quantum particles must have geometrical form
of flat-circle membrane: π =3,14 . . .
 

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socratus

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So-called "dark energy" is the energy of Cosmic Vacuum a fundamental force from which all things manifest.
"The laws of physics as we understand them make it eminently plausible that our universe arose from nothing -
- no space, no time, no particles, nothing that we now know of." /Lawrence Krauss/
All these characteristics have the Cosmic Vacuum.
 

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socratus

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So-called "Empty space", "Void", "Nothingness"
Book: ''Stephen Hawking''
''Although we are used to thinking of empty space as containing nothing at all,
and therefore having zero energy, the quantum rules say that there is some uncertainty about this.
Perhaps each tiny bit of the vacuum actually contains rather a lot of energy.
If the vacuum contained enough energy, it could convert this into particles, in line with E=Mc^2. ''
/Pages 147-148. By Michael White and John Gribbin/
#
Virtual particles, in all practical senses, DO exist. The Casimir effect,
the Lamb shift and quantum fluctuations have proven their existence.
 

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socratus

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About space.
----
There are two most important spaces:
1.
The space of classical physics.
This is the space of Euclid / Descartes / Newton.
This space is "gravitational" and for Newton (and us) it is absolute
and time in this space is also absolute (for ua)
Changes in gravitational space are subject to Galilean transformations.
2.
SRT space, GRT and Quantum physicist.
This is the subject of Riemann / Minkowski space
a) SRT is a space without "gravity".
Space without "gravitaty" is a flat and empty vacuum.
c) in SRT, light (independent) moves in vacuum (cosmic) with a constant speed (c)
c) the mathematician Minkowski called vacuum (cosmic) absolute 4D inseparable spacetime.
This mathematical unity really exists only in a cosmic vacuum.
d) Changes in the cosmic vacuum are subject to Lorentz transformations.
3.
Einstein put in flat cosmic vacuum Gravity-body and said that near it (for example, the Sun)
the flat cosmic vacuum is bended and the light changes its rectilinear motion.
This is true in the local region of infinite cosmic vacuum.
4.
From the point of view of the cosmic vacuum, all gravity-space and gravity-time are local and relative.
========...
 

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socratus

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Hermann Minkowski: "The views of space and time which I wish to lay before you
have sprung from the soil of experimental physics, and therein lies their strength.
They are radical. Henceforth, space by itself, and time by itself, are doomed
to fade away into mere shadows, and only a kind of union of the two
will preserve an independent reality.“ /1908/
Minkowski explained the unity of spacetime using the light cone:
 

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Gilgamesh

Council Member
Nov 15, 2014
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There are no particles. We 'exist' only as lines of code in a simulation.
Whether or not the software is developed by our descendants 10,000 years from now, or some pimple snotnosed alien teenager ln his dad's basement is unknown.

I will get back to to you faux humans soon.
 

socratus

socratus
Dec 10, 2008
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There are no particles. We 'exist' only as lines of code in a simulation.
Whether or not the software is developed by our descendants 10,000 years from now, or some pimple snotnosed alien teenager ln his dad's basement is unknown.

I will get back to to you faux humans soon.
you are just in a Virtual computer game
 

socratus

socratus
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Before Big-Bang was nothing: no space, no earth, no time.
Before God began His work was nothing: no space, no earth, no time.
Therefore
"At the November 22, 1951, opening meeting of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences,
Pope Pius XII declared that the Big Bang theory does not conflict with the Catholic concept of creation."
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religious ... ang_theory

Oct. 28, 2014,
"Big Bang theory and evolution in nature "do not contradict" the idea of creation,
Pope Francis has told an audience at the Vatican, saying God was not “a magician with a magic wand.”
https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/pope ... al-n235696

Both Popes Believe God Was Behind the Big-Bang
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socratus

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Infinity-big and Infinity-small in Physics.
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Hegel distinguished two types of infinities: bad infinity (mathematical
sequence of numbers) and actual infinity (numbers regardless of their order)
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1 - "Infinitely big is that which cannot be increased"
/ Spinoza /
The infinite cosmic vacuum cannot be increased.
The concept of "time" cannot be applied to the Infinite cosmic vacuum.
Time and space are inextricably linked in it (mathematicians called
such unity "an absolute 4D spacetime")
The endless cosmic vacuum is home to all quantum particles and
antiparticles, virtual particles and billions and billions of galaxies.
The infinite cosmic vacuum has an isotropic, uniform, flat and absolutely
cold temperature T=0K, which is constantly deformed by entropy
and quantum fluctuations.
The structure of cosmic vacuum (T=0K) is described by the "Ideal Gas Theory"
and Quantum Physics.
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2 - The infinitely small is described by the "Ideal Gas Theory" and Quantum Physics.

a) According to the "Ideal Gas Theory", particles at T=0K have a Boltzmann k-molar
passive mass, have no volume, but are shaped like very thin membranes (pi=3.14 . . . )

b) According to Quantum physics, particles at T=0K have Planck active energy h=Et

c) On the quantum level the Planck active energy (E=h*f) is 10^39 (10^41)
times stronger than the Boltzmann k-molar passive mass (S=kTlogW)
and therefore their interaction created everything.
----
3 - Georg Cantor:
article "On different points of view on the actually infinite"
In mathematics, the general (continuous function) is connected to the particular
(limit, limit of an infinitesimal quantity)
a) Infinite large is not available to increase.
b) Infinite small is conceived as "transfinite" -
"corresponding to the smallest super-finite number."
c) The actual, real, physical connection between them is unclear.
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4 - Scientists today ignore infinite quantities.
(in ordinary, everyday work, infinities are not needed)
========..
 

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socratus

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April 6, 2023. How to Tame the Endless Infinities Hiding in the Heart of Particle Physics
In the math of particle physics, every calculation should result in infinity.
Physicists get around this by just ignoring certain parts of the equations — an approach
that provides approximate answers. But by using the techniques known as “resurgence,”
researchers hope to end the infinities and end up with perfectly precise predictions.
/ Charlie Wood /
-----
Is Infinity Real?
=====
 

socratus

socratus
Dec 10, 2008
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April 6, 2023. How to Tame the Endless Infinities Hiding in the Heart of Particle Physics
In the math of particle physics, every calculation should result in infinity.
Physicists get around this by just ignoring certain parts of the equations — an approach
that provides approximate answers. But by using the techniques known as “resurgence,”
researchers hope to end the infinities and end up with perfectly precise predictions.
/ Charlie Wood /
-----
Is Infinity Real?
=====
In elementary particle physics, the smallest corpuscular of the Universe
is the Planck's quantum of action (h), which takes part in the Schrödinger's
Ψ-wave (E=h*f) in the Born's probability location /Ψ/^2.
When the Schrödinger Ψ-wave and the Born particle "collapses" the infinity
appears and it is impossible to have "perfectly accurate predictions".
Infinities associated with specific parts of the universe by the law of probability.
 

55Mercury

rigid member
May 31, 2007
4,272
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Torchy would have a field day with this "evidence."

Good thing he never looks outside his own tail-chasing threads.
I had considered sending him down a rabbit hole once or twice.

but then I thought he didn't need the encouragement.

lol

and how would I live with myself?

:?D
 

55Mercury

rigid member
May 31, 2007
4,272
987
113
did and didn't at the same time
to be and not to be at the same time
here and not here at the same time
problem of quantum entanglement . . .

fo' shizzy Izzy!

quantum entanglement's more practical applications on the woke front:


1688086400526.png
 

55Mercury

rigid member
May 31, 2007
4,272
987
113
this infinity space between our ears is God's greatest playground and I'll be damned if It isn't having fun with it!

;?)