Original story (29/09/11):
It's a grim list: genocide, crimes against humanity, crimes of aggression (such as unprovoked invasions) and war crimes. All are recognised by the UN as crimes against peace and prosecuted through the international criminal court (external - login to view)
.But should the bosses of polluting companies and the leaders of environmentally-unfriendly states join those responsible for mass murder in the dock. They could if a fifth crime against peace - ecocide - joined that list of human evils? The United Nations is now considering the proposal and the first test of how a prosecution for ecocide would work takes place on Friday, with fossil fuel bosses in the dock at the UK supreme court (external - login to view)
in London. It is a mock trial of course, but with real top-flight lawyers and judges and a jury made up of members of the public. The corporate CEOs will be played by actors briefed by their legal teams.
The crime of ecocide is the brainchild of British lawyer Polly Higgins (external - login to view)
, who in her UN submission defined it as:
Ecocide: The extensive damage, destruction to or loss of ecosystems of a given territory, whether by human agency or by other causes, to such an extent that peaceful enjoyment by the inhabitants of that territory has been severely diminished.
Crimes being considered for prosecution in Friday's trial include the extraction of oil from Canada's tar sands (external - login to view)
, a major oil spill (external - login to view)
in the Gulf of Mexico, fracking for shale gas in Nigeria and bauxite mining (external - login to view)
of Niyamgiri mountain, India. The real world parallels are not accidental, I'm sure.
Full article here: Test trial convicts fossil fuel bosses of 'ecocide' | Damian Carrington | Environment | guardian.co.uk (external - login to view)