Mount or Mountain

I am trying to find out what the critera for the naming mountains is. I have been told that the precursor of Mount means the "mountian" is volcanic (dormant or active) and Mountain is used to name non-volcanic forms. I have also heard that the precusor has to do with elevation. Does anyone know what the protocol is?
I can't find anything meaningful on the two words.

It appears that the arbitrary naming of mountains seems to stick us with one or the other.Grouse Mountain on the north shore is never called Mount Grouse but I guess it could be. Not too far away, Mount Seymour can also be called Seymour Mountain. Whistler, most often does without either. Mount Baker is rarely Baker Mountain. Large, famous mountains are usually named, Mount __________ .

I could be entirely wrong. Anybody else have an opinion on this?

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