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A Roman settlement has been discovered in London on the site of a new luxury hotel.

An incredible 11,000 Roman items, which are around 2,000 years old, have been found buried just one and a half feet below the surface at the building site at Syon Park.

A new hotel is being built on the spot, near Brentford, west London, which will open next year.

The vast majority of the finds were of fragments of pottery, but coins and jewelley were also found.

Jo Lyon, a senior archaeologist at the museum, said today: 'We were extremely fortunate to discover such a comprehensive repertoire of Roman finds and features so close to the surface. They tell us a great deal about how the people of this village lived, worked and died."

The site also revealed a section of one of Roman Britain's most important roads, linking Londinium with the Roman town of Silchester and an ancient tributary of the Thames.

The artefacts found included two shale armlets, fragments of a lava quernstone and a late Bronze Age (1000-700 BC) gold bracelet.

London was founded by the Romans in 48AD, about five years after they invaded Britannia.

Remains of huge Roman settlement found buried on site of new luxury hotel in the centre of London

By Daily Mail Reporter
17th November 2010
Daily Mail

A Roman settlement brimming with ancient artefacts and human remains has been unearthed on a building site for a luxury hotel in west London, it was revealed today.

Archaeologists excavating the listed site in Syon Park made the discovery of more than 11,000 Roman items just half a metre below the surface.

They were digging on the plot of land ahead of the construction of a new landmark hotel, which will open the outskirts of the historic Syon Park Estate in 2011.


Discovery: The excavation of Roman skeleton revealed it had been buried in one of the Roman field ditches and laid in a crouched position, on its side

Around 11,500 fragments of pottery, 100 coins and jewellery were uncovered by the experts from the Museum of London Archaeology, along with burial sites containing human remains and a Roman road.

Jo Lyon, a senior archaeologist at the museum, said today: 'We were extremely fortunate to discover such a comprehensive repertoire of Roman finds and features so close to the surface. They tell us a great deal about how the people of this village lived, worked and died.

'The archaeology at Syon Park has given us a valuable, rare insight into the daily life of an agricultural village on the outskirts of Londinium (London) that would have supplied the Roman city and provided shelter for travellers passing through.

'It helps us build a picture of the Roman landscape and shows how the busy metropolis of Londinium connected with the rest of Roman Britain.'

The excavations at the Grade I listed site near Brentford were conducted in 2008, but the fascinating discoveries have only now been revealed.

Archaeologists said the Roman settlement had remained remarkably undisturbed for almost 2,000 years and was of local and national significance.

The site revealed a section of one of Roman Britain's most important roads, linking Londinium with the Roman town of Silchester and an ancient tributary of the Thames.


Jewel: Part of a Late Bronze Age gold penannular ribbon bracelet. The bracelet is a familiar Late bronze Age type, with parallels found in hoards in Towednack and Morvah in Cornwall, in Downpatrick, County Down and Saint Johns, County Kildare (Eogan, 1994) and more recently in the Bawdeswell area in Norfolk



Ancient find: The scale of the site unearthed in Syon Park is clear as excavators work to unearth more remains


An archaeological plan of the Syon Park site showing trenches as excavated and the archaeological features found

The artefacts found included two shale armlets, fragments of a lava quernstone and a late Bronze Age (1000-700 BC) gold bracelet.

The dig revealed that the British landscape changed considerably under Roman influence with towns being established, interconnected by roads.

These roads were markers of the ‘Romanisation’ of Britain. Londinium was founded c AD 48 on an uninhabited site.

Its strategic position on the river Thames meant that it rapidly became the most important and largest commercial town in the province.

Once a Roman road was built it started to attract settlement along it, like that in West London. The Syon Park and the surrounding area was an attractive place to settle as it lay between the road and the Thames.

The land was easy to cultivate and the presence of the road would have offered an additional source of income to the community from travellers seeking refreshment and lodging.

The new hotel, being built by Waldorf Astoria, is set to open on the site next year and is hoping to display some of the historic finds.

The Duke of Northumberland, whose family has held residence at Syon Park for more than 400 years, said: 'Syon Park has a rich and remarkable history. The Roman findings are an incredible addition to this legacy and emphasise Syon Park’s place as a prominent landmark in ancient British history'

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