Canada has been cited repeatedly by the United Nations because of its extreme racism.
But, this has absolutely NOTHING to do with the French speaking population and the English speaking population. In fact, generally, they get along fine, with no "racism" at all, because they are the same race. They are Caucasians, of European ancestry.
There is a bit of religious "racism", with Roman Catholics being somewhat oppressed in some areas of Canada. But even that is slowly dying away.
The real racism, and it runs very deep in Canadian culture, is whites against Native Peoples. Canada has been cited at least 7 times by the United Nations because of its institutionalized,. and virtually complete, racism against its natives.
Canada, until very recently, stripped away the Native status of any Native woman, the instant she married a non-Native.
Canada is the ONLY country that determines who its Native (Aboriginal) peoples are, and that denies all bands/tribes the right to self-determination.
Canada then divides those that they consider to be "Natives" into those that are members of a band/tribe, and those that are not. Status Indians (those that belong to a band or tribe) have a great many rights that Non-Status Indians do not have. Once again, only the Federal government is allowed to determine who can, and who can not, belong to any band or tribe.
Then, there are the Métis people. The Charter of Rights and Freedoms recognizes the Métis as being one of the 3 aboriginal peoples of Canada, but as late as 2008, the Federal government was arguing before the Supreme Court that the Métis no longer existed, that they were extinct. The argument of the government was that they became extinct with the issuance of "Manitoba Script" (which was issued to all "recognized" Métis people in what had been "Rupertsland", to make up for the lands that the government confiscated from them. Of course, the Script was essentially useless to the Métis, but what did that matter?).
The Supreme Court held that in fact, the Métis do exist, and that they ave aboriginal rights to hunt, fish and gather. The Federal government, and most Provincial governments are still fighting to deny the Métis any such rights.
Canada has denied equality of education to almost all minority groups, especially the natives and Métis. The schools available on the Reserves are horrible, and the schools in the "less affluent" parts of most cities and towns are also "second rate". Without a decent education, it is very difficult to climb out of poverty and despair, but so what. They're just Indians, Métis, Natives, Pakistani's, etc., right?
Then you can look back on how Canada has treated various ethnic groups such as: the Chinese, Japanese, Ukranians, Germans, Italians, etc. etc. It didn't (and sadly still doesn't) matter how many generations a family has been in Canada, if there is any crisis, minorities are immediately rounded up, their property confiscated, and they go into internment camps (also called CONCENTRATION CAMPS).
Canada held their "enemy aliens" (which were generally people that had beenin Canada for 2 or more generations) far longer than any other western country did, following World War II.
Just look at the newspapers in SK, AB, BC, MB, ON and even in NS, and see how the Natives, the Métis, foreigners, etc. are written about in letters to the editor.
Or, take my cousin, a retired Crown Attorney, who was devastated when I proved to him that his mother was Métis. As he put it, in his final letter to me, "You have destroyed my memories of my mother". All because we have a common native ancestor.
Yes indeed, racism is very much alive and well in Canada. Canada is FAR from the enlightened country that so many of you want to believe that it is. You just don't bother to "look under the rug", and thereby keep yourself in ignorance about reality.