Don't know history much, do you?
Guest writer Ianna Urquhart shares a multifaceted perspective of how society’s ideas around gender expression have transformed over time — from the Iron Age to our present understanding.
"Although contemporary culture likes to position gender non-conforming people as a new phenomenon, history shows otherwise. Anthropologists have long documented cultures around the world that acknowledge more than two genders. There are examples going back 3,000 years to the Iron Age
, and even further back to the Copper Age
. In this article, we’ll explore cultures from around the world in which the boundaries between male and female gender expressions have been fluid — and celebrated for being so."
From ancient Greece to modern Pakistan, the political and cultural emergence of a complex, controversial term.
"Social convention says there are two types of people: male and female. And you know who’s who based on their genitalia. But in fact, various cultures have long recognized members who buck the biological binary. The ancients wrote of people who were neither men nor women; individuals have been swapping genders for centuries; and intellectuals have fiercely debated the connection between the body and the self. Today, there are many populations with alternative identities, such as hijras
in South Asia, kathoeys
in Thailand, and muxes
in Mexico. Yet these groups haven’t had it easy, often facing discrimination and violence. Only recently has the fight for legal recognition — and respect — of "third gender" begun to bear fruit, thanks to pioneering activists and policymakers. The world, it seems, is slowly embracing an adage once restricted to liberal universities: Gender is a construct, and people should be able to define it for themselves."
"Before sexologist John Money
and colleagues introduced the terminological distinction between biological sex and gender as a role
in 1955, it was uncommon to use the word gender
to refer to anything but grammatical categories
For example, in a bibliography of 12,000 references on marriage and family from 1900 to 1964, the term gender
does not even emerge once.
Analysis of more than 30 million academic article titles from 1945 to 2001 showed that the uses of the term "gender"
, were much rarer than uses of "sex"
, was often used as a grammatical category early in this period. By the end of this period, uses of "gender"
outnumbered uses of "sex"
in the social sciences, arts, and humanities.
It was in the 1970s that feminist scholars adopted the term gender
as way of distinguishing "socially constructed" aspects of male–female differences (gender) from "biologically determined" aspects (sex).
I KNOW it's hard for you to grasp that, Dix, but, really, the 'more than two genders' thing has been around for centuries. The idea of 'gender' is a recent thing, (see above link)
Here's something I also didn't know which, in a way, proves Trans people are a reality and "thing" and it's not something "Forced" onto kids by parents.
Basically? A botched circumcision destroyed David's penis as an infant, so his parents elected - after consulting Mr. Money (ha) - to have him given GRS and the remains of his penis made into a vagina, thinking that being a 'girl' would be better for him. Turns out, it wasn't, and he committed suicide at 38.
Because he was NEVER a girl to begin with, but a boy.
And TBH, David's case should be held up as part of the proof that Trans people are legitimate and should be more referenced to it.
So... NOW will you admit that biology and science (anthropology in part) have proven that "Gender" is more than just the male/female?