Of course the strikes pushed them over. But Ronnie did tell them to take down the wall and they did.
It was long over before Ronnie even came into office.
By the 1970s, low morale of the Soviet Union's work force was hurting its economy. Workers were given goals that seemed abstract or remote from tangible benefits. Common people were criticizing people in power for not responding to their needs. Common people still lived in cramped housing and were seeing little material progress for themselves.
Cynicism was high among Soviet workers and alcoholism prevalent. People were taking less pride in their work than people did in some other nations.
Skilled workers were also demoralized. The massive effort in the Soviet Union in education to create a skilled work force could not compensate for an economy that functioned poorly. Instead, education was producing poorly employed talent.
The agricultural sector of the Soviet economy was also functioning inefficiently. Under Brezhnev, most farming remained collectivized, with four percent of the Soviet Union's arable land being farmed on the side, as privately owned plots -- with this four percent producing around twenty-five percent of the Soviet Union's agricultural output. Before World War I, Russia had been one of the greatest food exporters in the world, but now it had become one of the world's greatest importers of food. After decades of collective farming, agricultural workers in the Soviet Union had developed poor work habits. And with distribution and transportation a problem, some harvests rotted on their way to market, and sometimes as much as forty or fifty percent of a crop might rot in the fields.
During the Brezhnev years supplies of oil and natural gas were becoming more costly, these supplies now deeper in the ground or located in permafrost regions. The Soviet Union had not been using its energy efficiently, and scarcer supplies of fuel were now adding to the cost of production.
A decline in sales of its oil abroad and the purchasing of food from abroad was a trade imbalance that was costing the Soviet Union hard currency and gold. Within the Soviet Union, government agencies were involved in more deficit spending than bureaucrats were admitting. And increases in the printing of money were contributing to the declining value of Soviet money -- the ruble.
What grew during the Brezhnev years were bureaucracy and the size of the Communist Party -- with many Party members working in bureaucracies. And growing too were the number of vacation residences, pensions, perks and privileges for Party members. In the eyes of the common Soviet citizen, corruption was growing alongside economic stagnation. According to Business Week
(1-20-09), Brezhnev contributed to the ruination of the Soviet
Economy by not having started reforms in the early 1970s.
And the Brezhnev years included aggressive moves to defend the Soviet Union's position with its neighbors. Brezhnev was concerned that the Communist regime in Czechoslovakia was becoming too liberal -- the Communist leader in Prague, Alexander Dubcek, having talked of creating a "socialism with a human face." Brezhnev saw Soviet hegemony in East Europe as threatened. He spoke of all the sacrifices that the Soviet people had made in World War II and, in August 1968, he sent tanks into Czechoslovakia to quell liberalization.
Brezhnev wanted to maintain the Soviet Union's standing in Europe and to maintain good relations with the West. He made himself a champion of Détente, and as a sign of his desire for good relations with the U.S. he kissed President Carter on the cheek. Then in December 1979, Brezhnev sent troops into Afghanistan, to support a friendly socialist regime there against guerrilla insurgents.
YouTube - Little Boxes - Malvina Reynolds Claymation
вот коробки на пригорке
сделаны из ticky tacky
вот коробки на пригорке
little boxes all the same
тут зеленая а там желтая
эта синия а та красная
и все сделаны из ticky tacky