The legal filing is noted on the court's website with no date given for legal action. The group's administrative center in Russia is located about 25 miles northwest of St. Petersburg.
The press office for the Russian branch of the religion says on its website (external - login to view) that such a declaration, if successful, would “entail disastrous consequences for freedom of religion in Russia" and directly affect about 175,000 followers at more than 2,000 congregations in the country.
"Extremism is deeply alien to the Bible-based beliefs and morality of Jehovah's Witnesses," the statement said. "Persecution of the faithful for peaceful anti-extremism legislation is built on frank fraud, incompetent individual 'experts' and, as a result, a miscarriage of justice."
The Jehovah's Witnesses first legally registered as a religious group in Russia in 1991 and re-registered in 1999, according to the organization's international website (external - login to view).
For almost two decades, however, Russian prosecutors in various localities have periodically sought to outlaw or curb the group, charging it is a cult that destroys families, fosters hatred and threatens lives.
In response to the latest pressure, Vasily Kalin, chairman of the religious group's steering committee, said members simply want to "peacefully worship their God," according to the press office.
"Unfortunately, after more than 100 years in power, Russia violates its own legislation that guarantees us that right," he said. "In Stalin's time, when I was a child, the whole family was deported to Siberia only because we were Jehovah's Witnesses. It's a shame and sad that my children and grandchildren will be faced with something like that. "
Jehovah's Witnesses have come under growing pressure from Russian authorities in recent years, including a ban on distribution of church literature that authorities say violates anti-extremism laws.
Russia seeks to declare Jehovah's Witnesses an extremist group (external - login to view)