Article 1 from the UN declaration sums it up for me.
- All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
The Charter is a mixture of fundamental and Civil rights. It is more the product of idealists who were designing society, not enunciating fundamental rights. For example, there are no rights included for the sole right to control what one owns, nor for the security of private property although these are fundamental rights as I see it. The idealists did not want anything in there that would inhibit their intention to re-distribute wealth as they saw fit.
The idea that there are human rights is to a large degree, fiction, unless those rights are enforced. We, in the civilized world, (wherever that is)believe that there are certain rights that we can take for granted and we whine like hell when we perceive that our rights are being trod on. Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, is one popular phrase but as we can see, it doesn't apply to everybody. Human rights only exist if there is sufficient power, and a willingness to enforce those rights.
There are fundamental human rights which are those rights that go with being a person. There are what the Americans call "civil rights" which are those rights granted by governments. Civil rights vary somewhat by country and are whatever the legislators create. Fundamental rights are, by definition, common to every person born as at least a mentally capable human being. What are these rights?