To L Gilbert:
Welfare doesn't still exist because its charitable or good natured, it exists because it saves you money.
The way our society is set up, means that the best and the brightest get (or at least have much, much better shots at getting) the best jobs. By definition, if there is a Best and the Brightest there is a worst and the Dullest. Doesn't matter how smart and hard working they really are, someone has to be on the bottom, our society competes against itself, bellcurve style. Thats part of the reason we do so well.
SO what does the future hold for many of these people? Squat, and they know it. Flipping burgers in high school, and MAYBE college is fine. Flipping burgers for 45 years is not. You'll never have a family, a house or really anything to make being alive worthwhile (except the constant smell of fryer grease eminating from you).
Surprise surprise, few people are dumb enough to think thats a good way to spend a life. At best these people will resort to petty crime in order for the extra funds. Notice how so many other countries are hideously crime ridden? People steal anything even if its BOLTED DOWN in India. That costs people (and taxpayers) hideous amounts of money. And when you arrest these people? It costs 60K a year to hold them in prison (as compared to 12K for welfare). If you make the prisons worse, more guards get hurt and more people fight cops rather than go to jail. Now they demand more Salary for the extra danger in the job. Still cost more money you are wasting.
Of course, even worse but happens often (and happened here during the depression) some Charismatic fellow convinces these gullible people (they are the Worst and the Dullest) that he has some master plan for a new better society, involving the violent overthrow of the government. Communism, Facism, Theocracy..take your pic. Canada has had its brushes with all of them. The reason they don't happen in Canada anymore, really boils down to welfare.
Some people get shafted in our society, no way around it. And they aren't just gonna sit there like good like cogs in the machine. Its cheaper to bribe them to sit on their lawn drinking beer and collecting hubcaps..whiling away their life, then it is to deal with the trouble they can cause.