The Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (popularly abbreviated as ANZAC) was originally an army corps of Australian and New Zealand troops who fought as part of the British Empire in World War I at Gallipoli against the Turks. The ANZACs also fought during that war in the Middle East and on the Western Front . Within Australasia ANZAC came to stand not just for the troops in World War I, but for Australian and New Zealand soldiers in time of war more generally. ANZAC Day is observed annually in memory of those soldiers who died in war. It is commemorated each year by both countries on April 25 , the date of the first landing at Gallipoli in 1915 on a beach later known as ANZAC Cove . (It is similar to days such as Memorial Day , Veterans Day , Armistice Day , Remembrance Day or V-E Day commemorated in other countries.)

Rare footage of WWI Gallipoli battle unearthed

Australian Army

New Zealand Army

19th April 2007

The Australian War Memorial has unearthed what it believes is the only footage of Anzac Cove during the Gallipoli battle of World War One.

The one-minute grainy black and white film, which shows the shoreline at Anzac Cove and British soldiers massing at Suvla Bay, was shot in 1915 during the pioneering era of film. The battle of Gallipoli is an iconic event in Australian history which is commemorated each year on Anzac Day.

The footage pans across Anzac Cove from a position on the southern headland, showing a clutter of jetties and stores being unloaded.
  • Video: See the rare footage of the WWI Gallipoli battle (Windows)
  • Video: See the rare footage of the WWI Gallipoli battle (Real)

A file image of the battle of Gallipoli (1915). The British Empire and the French fought the Turks in this WWI battle.

"Because we have so little authentic footage, everything we can add to this counts as a major discovery, a new possibility for study," Stephanie Boyle, film and sound curator at the war memorial, told reporters.

Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) forces landed at Gallipoli in April 1915 as part of a British-led allied force, including French and Indian units who were trying to open up a sea route for World War One ally Russia.

The eight-month campaign was a disaster. Allied and Turkish forces suffered more than 300,000 casualties. Anzac Day, April 25, has become the day Australia commemorates its war dead.

The Anzac Cove footage is believed to have been shot by British war correspondent Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett, whose report of the Gallipoli landings was the first to reach Australia.

Ashmead-Bartlett produced a 20-minute film "With the Dardanelles Expedition: Heroes of Gallipoli" - the only known movie footage shot on the Gallipoli Peninsula in 1915 and shows the first genuine vision of troops in action in trenches.

In 1938, the Australian War Memorial bought a documentary film, a compilation of newsreel material, patriotic recruiting films plus some of Ashmead-Bartlett's Heroes of Gallipoli.

The film material was archived and forgotten until 2006 when curators decided to inspect the material and discovered the footage of Anzac Cove.

Last edited by Blackleaf; Apr 19th, 2007 at 02:04 PM..