# Very brief electromagnetic history. / By Israel Socratus./

socratus
#1
Very brief electromagnetic history. / By Israel Socratus./
==========…
Part one.
Oersted demonstrated connection between electricity and magnetism.
Ampere gave mathematical explanation to this effect.
Faraday discovered the reverse effect: relationship between magnetic
and electric fields. ( how to use magnetism to induce electricity)
Maxwell (using mechanical model: balls, springs, hooks . . . etc.)
found mathematical equations to describe Faraday’s idea.
Oliver Heaviside reformulated twelve (12) Maxwell’s equations
to the modern four (4) equations.
Hertz discovered Maxwell’s electro- magnetic waves and . . .
he wrote that . . . EM waves cannot be put into practice.
But . . . . .
Morse created the telegraph and Morse Code.
Bell is often credited as the inventor of the telephone.
Marconi developed the first effective system of radio.
. . . etc . . . .

#
Part two.
Maxwell’s EM theory was theory about waves.
It was Lorentz who introduced particle-electron in Maxwell theory.
And it was Einstein who developed and leaded Maxwell / Lorentz
EM theory into the “forest / jungles” of SRT.

#
Part three.
Planck united together long and short wavelengths and said that
this unity is possible if they ( long waves and short waves) have
something common. The common is – quantum, quantum of action.
De Broglie decided vice versa:
quantum discrete particle can be as a wave – as a "pilot-wave".
Later SRT + QT created conditions for modern technological progress.
===…

My conclusion.
Different waves ( long and short) have something common in behavior.
The common is quantum- quantum of action- quantum particle in action.
Planck’s “quantum of action” is quantum particle in action.
It means that there isn’t EM waves without quantum particles in action.
Different quantum particles in action create different kinds of waves.
The source of all EM waves (and all phenomenons in Nature)
are different quantum particles in action with energy E=h*f
The particle’s energy of Gamma-Radiation waves is E=h*f ,
The particle’s energy of Röntgen-Radiation waves is E=h*f,
The particle’s (photon) energy of Light waves is E=h*f,
The particle’s energy of Infra-red-waves is E=h*f ,
The particle’s energy of Super/Ultra-High-TV waves is E=h*f,
The particle’s energy of Radio waves is E=h*f . . . . etc . . . etc.
What is difference between them?
Frequencies make difference between quantum particles in action
and their EM waves.
===…
Once more.
Photon, electron, x rays, cosmic rays, microwaves, radio waves,
TV-waves all they have in common one thing: frequency.
Change the frequency and you can step from one to another particle.
Frequency is the key to quantum particles.
Frequency makes difference between particles (EM waves).
Book.
" . . . photons with extremely high fluctuations (frequency) . . .
in the experience was observed . . . . the remarkable phenomenon
of transformation them in … … …electrons.
Undoubtedly, a reverse process is also possible."
/Book. " Isaac Newton ", page 94.By academician S. I. Vavilov./
===…
Planck’s quantum particles are quantum particles in actions.
Results of these actions are different frequencies.
Question: How did frequencies appear in actions?
Answer: The frequencies are result of quantum particle’s high
speed self-rotation (a particle behaves like having self- angular
momentum) around its own axis. There are many different kinds
of waves but all they were created by this one scheme: h*=h/2pi.
This effect (spin) was found by Goudsmit and Uhlenbeck in 1925.
And in spite of that this effect is well-known for a long time, until
today it doesn’t adopt philosophical as real physical self-action of
quantum particles, as real self-rotation process of quantum particles.
============…
Best wishes.
========= …

socratus
#2
P.S.
Faraday discovered relationship between magnetic and electric fields:
how to use magnetism to induce electricity and therefore all our so-called
“electrical” tools are “magneto-electrical”, they are artificial.
Another effect, natural, is “electro-magnetic”, for example: photosynthesis . . . . .
============…

socratus
#3
An Electron: 1897 - 2019
===
In 1897 J.J. Thomson discovered an elementary particle - ''electron'' and
immediately many physicists ( M. Abraham, W. Kaufmann, H. Poincare,
H. Lorentz, . .) went to work trying to make models of the electron

In 1905 Einstein realized that electron can behave as a particle

In 1923 De Broglie wrote that Einstein's electron can be "wave"

In 2005 Volodimir Simulik wrote book " What is the Electron?"
In this book:
'‘ More than ten different models of the electron are presented here.
More than twenty models are discussed briefly.
Thus, the book gives a complete picture of contemporary theoretical
All of these models of electron are problematical.

In 2015 Brian posted article '' How big is an electron?''
https://gravityandlevity.wordpress.c...s-an-electron/
#
Until today we know electron by what it does, not by what it is
After more than 120 years electron is still remains an abstract, symbolic
construction and therefore you can read '' the quantum theory is weird'',
it is ''beyond common sense'', and therefore all debates about the
essence of ''Quantum Theory'' are ''blah blah blah . . .''
===
Attached Images
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socratus
#4
Quote: Originally Posted by socratus

An Electron: 1897 - 2019
===
In 1897 J.J. Thomson discovered an elementary particle - ''electron'' and
immediately many physicists ( M. Abraham, W. Kaufmann, H. Poincare,
H. Lorentz, . .) went to work trying to make models of the electron
In 1905 Einstein realized that electron can behave as a particle
In 1923 De Broglie wrote that Einstein's electron can be "wave"
In 2005 Volodimir Simulik wrote book " What is the Electron?"
In this book:
'‘ More than ten different models of the electron are presented here.
More than twenty models are discussed briefly.
Thus, the book gives a complete picture of contemporary theoretical
All of these models of electron are problematical.
In 2015 Brian posted article '' How big is an electron?''
https://gravityandlevity.wordpress.c...s-an-electron/
#
Until today we know electron by what it does, not by what it is
After more than 120 years electron is still remains an abstract, symbolic
construction and therefore you can read '' the quantum theory is weird'',
it is ''beyond common sense'', and therefore all debates about the
essence of ''Quantum Theory'' are ''blah blah blah . . .''
===

In 1928 Dirac formulated the relativistic theory of the electron
and invented an ''anti-electron''
#
An electron sometime is called ''fermion'' and sometime ''lepton''
The electron was needed many names because the electron
take part in many different interactions and therefore an electron
has many formulas and obeys many laws.
===

socratus
#5
Some Differences in Scientific Theories
===
1 - Difference between Neaton's and Einstein's
theries of gravitation.
a) Newton used two (2) bodies to explain ''gravity''.
b) Einstein used one (1) single body to explain ''gravity''
2 - Difference between Classical and Quantum mechanics.
a) Classical mechanics has models of objects
b) Quantum mechanics doesn't have model of quantum particle.
===

socratus
#6
Quote: Originally Posted by socratus

Some Differences in Scientific Theories
===
1 - Difference between Neaton's and Einstein's
theries of gravitation.
a) Newton used two (2) bodies to explain ''gravity''.
b) Einstein used one (1) single body to explain ''gravity''
2 - Difference between Classical and Quantum mechanics.
a) Classical mechanics has models of objects
b) Quantum mechanics doesn't have model of quantum particle.
===

1 - Einstein used one (1) single body to explain ''gravity''
In the real Universe there is plenty of room for more and
more Einstein's GRT ''single bodies''
2 - Classical objects have many - many different forms, but
Quantum particles must have only one standard geometric
form for everyone particle
===