’Not what it used to be:’ Warm Arctic autumn creates ice hazards for Inuit

’Not what it used to be:’ Warm Arctic autumn creates ice hazards for Inuit
Canadian Press
November 24, 2019
November 24, 2019 12:16 PM EST
Ice floats in Slidre Fjord outside the Eureka Weather Station, on Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, Monday, July 24, 2006.Jeff McIntosh / THE CANADIAN PRESS
For Keith Morrison, the consequences of this fall’s extraordinarily warm weather across the North all came down to an urgent call for help.
The fire chief for the Arctic community of Cambridge Bay in Nunavut was at home the evening of Oct. 6 when he got word that a couple had fallen through the ice near a river mouth.
“It was pitch black,” Morrison recalled.
“The only light was from the machines themselves. He was standing on his snow machine and she was on the komatik (sled), deep enough that most of their bodies would have been in the water.
“I took out rope. One of their grandsons grabbed the rope and jumped in to get the lady out. Shortly after, we found a boat and they used that to get her husband.
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“It was a close thing.”
It shouldn’t have been a thing at all. That stretch of ice is normally safe by this time of year, but this autumn has not been normal.
“What differentiated this year was we saw a widespread warmer temperature anomaly across the board in the Arctic,” said Environment Canada meteorologist Eric Dykes.
“Temperature anomalies that are five degrees above normal are happening a little bit more readily than they have in years past.”
Data from around the Arctic bear him out.
In Inuvik, N.W.T., temperatures on every single day between Sept. 1 and Nov. 11 were above normal. In Nunavut, Pond Inlet had only one day of below normal, while above-normal days occurred about 80 per cent of the time in the communities of Cambridge Bay and Pangnirtung.
Not only were temperatures warm, the amount of warming was noteworthy.
The Canadian Forces Station at Alert, on the top of Ellesmere Island, broke a record for Sept. 6 this year by six degrees.
Pond Inlet experienced one day that was 11 degrees warmer than average.
And not only did Resolute, Nunavut, record 68 days of above-normal warmth, nearly half of those days were outside the normal temperature variation. Kugluktuk, Nunavut, was similar — 58 warmer-than-average days, 34 of them outside the normal range.
The U.S.-based National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration found that sea ice in October was at its lowest extent since records began in 1979. That’s 32 per cent below the 1981-2010 average.
“This fall we saw a much more widespread warming,” said Dykes. “Not only that, the stations that did warm were warmer than they had been the previous two falls.”
Andrew Arreak, who works in Pond Inlet for a group that helps people make safety judgments about sea ice, said there was still open water near his community this past week.
“People are usually on it the beginning of November. Yesterday, I was finally able to go on it.”
It’s not the only change.
“There have been more sightings of killer whales, increasing every year,” Arreak said.
“Insects are being reported that aren’t usually around the area. We don’t even know what they’re called.”
Things have changed, said Morrison, who no longer goes out on his Thanksgiving weekend ice-fishing trip. “A lot of people are noticing the ice is not what it used to be.”
Two days after he helped haul the elderly couple out of the freezing river, two young men went through the ice in shallow water.
“The route they were taking was one they’ve been taking all their lives without much of an issue,” Morrison said.
“The ice was thin and they went through.”
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This has never happened before.
Meanwhile far south in the US people are ice fishing and skiing.
Record-breaking snowfall expected across the Sierra and southern Great Basin over the Thanksgiving holiday
November 25, 2019 by Robert
An unusually cold and potent storm for late November. Snowfall is even expected (8 to 16 inches) in Death Valley National Park!

A powerful weather system is expected to bring record-breaking snowfall across the Sierra and southern Great Basin over the Thanksgiving holiday.
Anticipate hazardous, wintry travel conditions Wednesday through at least Saturday.

An unusually cold and potent storm for late November , itwill likely bring significant snow accumulations to much of Inyo County, the southern Great Basin and the Arizona Strip.

Significant Storms will Impact Travel through the Thanksgiving Holiday Week

Two powerful weather systems will move through the Lower 48 states this week. The first will bring heavy snow to the inter-mountain West, Rocky mountains, and Plains today and tomorrow, then rapidly intensify and swing into the Upper Midwest on Wednesday. Storm number 2 arrives Tuesday and Wednesday on the West Coast with damaging winds and heavy mountain snow.

Mon Nov 25 2019 thru Wed Nov 27 2019 …

…a broad swath of significant snowfall, extending from the Colorado Rockies to Wisconsin where winter storm watches and warnings are currently in effect.

…very windy conditions are likely across much of the Plains, with high wind watches in effect for the Texas and Oklahoma panhandle as well as adjacent portions of neighboring states.

Blizzard conditions

An even stronger storm is expected to develop over the eastern Pacific and reach the West Coast by Tuesday night. … It should reach land near the California/Oregon border early Tuesday night and then begin to gradually weaken as it moves inland. The mountains of southern Oregon and northern California are likely to get hammered with blizzard conditions, and battering surf and high winds for coastal areas. Winter storm watches and warnings are already in effect for many of these areas, and the cold nature of the event will result in lower than usual snow levels.

Pre-Thanksgiving travel in this region could be severely affected, and local forecast offices have additional information pertaining to this.