Charging towards the Big Melt
Consumption has climate change consequences.
Consumption has climate change consequences.
Dateline: Tuesday, January 23, 2007
by Stephen Leahy
BROOKLIN, Canada (IPS) — Record retail store sales during the holiday season in North America is one reason 2007 is predicted to be the hottest year on record. And it's well past time that people began to connect the dots between what they buy and the resulting environmental impacts such as global warming, experts say.
In other words, consumption has consequences: big, nasty environmental consequences that inflict suffering mainly on the world's poor.
That North Americans, and to a lesser extent Europeans, are profligate consumers is well known. If everyone consumed like North Americans we'd need five planets to support us — only three planets are necessary if we all lived like Europeans, according to the World Wildlife Fund's Living Planet Report.
The world collectively overshot the Earth's capacity to support us in 1984, the report notes. In the 22 years since reaching that crucial tipping point, rates of consumption of resources have accelerated. Not just in North America and Europe but China and India, not to mention other parts of Asia and Latin America.
While this ever-accelerating consumption of resources the sign of a healthy global economy according to economists, it has also resulted in climate change, amongst many other environmental and social ills.
"People don't appreciate that their purchases have real environmental impacts," said Monique Tilford, acting executive director of the Centre for a New American Dream (CNAD), a Maryland group promoting environmentally and socially responsible consumption.
"They also don't think their individual actions make much of a difference," Tilford told IPS.
A Chinese-made computer desk that can be bought for 40 or 50 dollars at a US or European retail store is likely to be the product of illegal clear-cutting in Indonesian rainforests. Such clear-cutting not only fuels crime syndicates, it results in the loss of biodiversity, releases huge amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere and drives indigenous people off their lands.
"We need to shift people to become environmentally and socially conscious consumers," said Tilford.
The world collectively overshot Earth's capacity to support us in 1984.
That means buying less stuff and also being willing to spend more on products that are better for the environment or societies in other countries.
"And for those willing to be more conscious, they often don't have the knowledge or information to know what's better and that's the role of NGOs like ours," she said.
CNAD started a Responsible Purchasing Network for state and local governments in 2000, which has been successful in creating a large market for environmentally friendly products, Tilford said.
"It is very complicated for public to know what's from where or how products in the stores are made," noted Lester Brown of the Earth Policy Institute, a US group focused on environmentally sustainable economy.
China makes about one-third of the world's furniture, quite surprising in a country that strictly protects its few remaining forests. Imports of foreign timber have skyrocketed and are well over 40 million cubic metres per year. Reports show that re-exports of forest products from China to the United States and Europe have increased by about 900 percent since 1998.
"Scarcity quickly crosses national boundaries," Brown said in an interview. "If the Chinese furniture makers can't get trees in China, they get trees from Siberia, Myanmar, Papua New Guinea and Indonesia."
Greenpeace, Global Witness and other NGOs have documented extensive illegal logging operations in these countries, with China the main recipient of the illegal timber.
Over the past decade, China has become the world's leading manufacturer of low-cost products. More than 80 percent of all toys, including electronic goods, sold in the US are made in China.
"If we weren't consuming all the stuff China manufactures, they wouldn't be growing so fast," Brown pointed out.
That over-consumption has reached such an absurd level that the average US citizen, living in the world's richest nation, spends more than they earn every year.
Tilford admits that at the individual consumer level, people are often so busy they don't want to know or ignore the evidence that their behaviour is resulting in environmental impacts like global warming.
"It is sometimes stunning that people will not make the most minimal effort to change," she said.
The huge societal shift needed to find ways to live in a sustainable fashion will likely not happen without some kind of disaster that will generate enough suffering that people will make the shift, she says.
Both Tilford and Brown believe that the US public needs to elect people who will put policies in place to ensure products sold on US shelves are sustainable no matter what country they come from.
"People in other countries are putting their lives on the line so we can buy gourmet products, " Tilford says. But unless there is enough popular support, there will be no action.
Last edited by temperance; Jan 29th, 2007 at 09:20 AM..