In 1905* Einstein involved negative time in his SRT.
Nobody knew what negative time* can mean* and therefore Minkowski in 1908
changed negative time into positive time creating 4-D spacetime.
The theory became very beautiful* and as a young physicist said me:
‘ My professor says that you cannot be physicist if you don’t understand
the beauty of SRT in Minkowski’s interpretation.’ but . . .* but nobody knew
and nobody knows* what 4-D really is.* (!)
So, Minkowski was the first person who put symmetry between time and space-dimension.
‘ In 1918 Emmy Noether published theory that every differentiable symmetry
of the action of a physical system has a corresponding conservation law.
Noether's theorem has become a fundamental tool of modern theoretical physics,
both because of the insight it gives into conservation laws, and also,
as a practical calculation tool. ‘
So, thanks* to* Noether the symmetries were legitimate in physics.
In 1919 Kaluza said that Minkowski’s interpretation is very beautiful, but his theory
doesn’t have forces. Therefore he took* gravitation and electromagnetic forces
as one more* dimension and create 5-D universe.
So, Kaluza* was the* first person who put symmetry between forces and dimension.
To explain and to prove Kaluza’s theory* O.Klein* in 1926 suggested that one dimension
can wrap into* very – very small region – universe, but . . .* but** Mincowski 4-D would
stay unchanged.* (!)
So, Klein was the person who wrapped gravitation and electromagnetic forces
into very –very small region.
Mathematically the theory was beautiful* and interesting but*
nobody knew* what 5-D is and how one* dimension can wrap. (!)
It was passed about 50 years.
New forces were discovered and some physicists came to conclusion that
quantum particle cannot be ‘a point’. Quantum particle as** ‘a point’* doesn’t reflect
the thru image / face of quantum particle.* And because quantum particle at the same
time is a wave therefore it must vibrate for example as a string of violin or guitar.
But this string-particle needs 10 or* 11 – dimensions.
All dimensions except Minkowski* 4-D must wrap.
Minkowski 4-D keeps unchanged.* (!)
Later was invented another kind of string – loop string-particle that needed
26 or 27 dimensions. And again – in this theory Minkowski 4-D is unchanged. (!)
Physicists say that these theories are very beautiful.
The problem is that nobody** knows if these extra- dimensions and these
string – particles really exist.
a - b)
Minkowski in 1908* took time as a symmetry of space.
Space and time became equal each other and therefore we say: ‘spacetime’.
So, if I think of space as a distance then* I must say:
1hour is equal 5 kilometres, 2hour =10 km, 3hour= 15km,* . . . .etc.
But in physics we have only one particle which corresponding to
this condition. And it is photon with constant speed 1sec=300000 km.
In other words: SRT is theory about behaviour of quantum of light
in* the* spacetime.
Emmy Noether was a great and famous mathematician, but bad physicist.
Because* there isn’t such law in physics* as* ‘ conservation law ’
or* ‘The law of conservation of mass’.
If you read in Wikipedia:
it is half-truth. Half-true* theory is deceitful theory.
You cannot believe half-true* explanation.
The true theory says - there is* only
‘Law of conservation and transformation energy/mass’.
We cannot talk about one without talking about the other.
The law of conservation and transformation energy/mass
is a law about a symmetry and asymmetry in the Nature.
If somebody think that* “ The Law of conservation and
transformation of energy/ mass “ is a simple
bookkeeping calculation of debit-credit** he* is* mistaken.
It is a primitive judgment about one of the most important Law in Nature.
The bookkeeping calculation of debit-credit is*
“ a symmetry law” - like 1$ is equal 100 cents.
But in the Universe we see the laws of symmetry and we see
the laws of breaking of symmetry.
The Life in the Universe is connected* with* symmetry and* with breaking of symmetry.
The forms of living creatures are almost always symmetrical.
But sooner or later comes time of breaking symmetry.
And a* "broken symmetry"* doesn’t* look as* symmetric thing.
( It means : 1$ is not exactly* equal to 100 cents.)
Between symmetry and asymmetry* the effect of ‘transformation’ appears.
But nobody explains what the* ‘transformation’ means according to one
single quantum particle.
If somebody takes only one part of the law (conservation )
and ignore the second part of it (transformation) then abstract ideas
appear in physics* and we lost sight of the real picture of Nature* .
d - e)
Kaluza and** Klein idea about unity of gravitation and electromagnetic
forces in spacetime* is not finished.
One of problem that gravity is very weak force.
The electromagnetic force is 10^42 times stronger than gravity.
Therefore the problem of unity gravity with quantum theory is still unsolved.
The string theory has its own problem.
In my opinion, if I don’t know what 2 + 2 = 4 then I cannot do more complex calculations.
And if physicists don’t know what 4-D really is, then following calculations are abstracted.
‘Law of conservation and transformation energy/mass’* means
that energy/mass particles can be conserved into potential state
after / through* transformation* and later appear as active particles
also through act of transformation.
Through act of transformation the combined symmetry CPT
* ( charge, space, time ) can be created and* destroyed.
Israel* Sadovnik* Socratus.