**#1**Aug 3rd, 2017

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** a)*

In 1905* Einstein involved negative time in his SRT.

b)

Nobody knew what negative time* can mean* and therefore Minkowski in 1908

changed negative time into positive time creating 4-D spacetime.

The theory became very beautiful* and as a young physicist said me:

‘ My professor says that you cannot be physicist if you don’t understand

the beauty of SRT in Minkowski’s interpretation.’ but . . .* but nobody knew

and nobody knows* what 4-D really is.* (!)

So, Minkowski was the first person who put symmetry between time and space-dimension.

c)

‘ In 1918 Emmy Noether published theory that every differentiable symmetry

of the action of a physical system has a corresponding conservation law.

Noether's theorem has become a fundamental tool of modern theoretical physics,

both because of the insight it gives into conservation laws, and also,

as a practical calculation tool. ‘

**https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emmy_Noether**

So, thanks* to* Noether the symmetries were legitimate in physics.

d)*

In 1919 Kaluza said that Minkowski’s interpretation is very beautiful, but his theory

doesn’t have forces. Therefore he took* gravitation and electromagnetic forces

as one more* dimension and create 5-D universe.

So, Kaluza* was the* first person who put symmetry between forces and dimension.

e)

To explain and to prove Kaluza’s theory* O.Klein* in 1926 suggested that one dimension

can wrap into* very – very small region – universe, but . . .* but** Mincowski 4-D would

stay unchanged.* (!)

So, Klein was the person who wrapped gravitation and electromagnetic forces

into very –very small region.

Mathematically the theory was beautiful* and interesting but*

nobody knew* what 5-D is and how one* dimension can wrap. (!)

f)

It was passed about 50 years.

New forces were discovered and some physicists came to conclusion that

quantum particle cannot be ‘a point’. Quantum particle as** ‘a point’* doesn’t reflect

the thru image / face of quantum particle.* And because quantum particle at the same

time is a wave therefore it must vibrate for example as a string of violin or guitar.

But this string-particle needs 10 or* 11 – dimensions.

All dimensions except Minkowski* 4-D must wrap.

Minkowski 4-D keeps unchanged.* (!)

Later was invented another kind of string – loop string-particle that needed

26 or 27 dimensions. And again – in this theory Minkowski 4-D is unchanged. (!)

Physicists say that these theories are very beautiful.

The problem is that nobody** knows if these extra- dimensions and these

string – particles really exist.

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My opinion:

a - b)

Minkowski in 1908* took time as a symmetry of space.

Space and time became equal each other and therefore we say: ‘spacetime’.

So, if I think of space as a distance then* I must say:

1hour is equal 5 kilometres, 2hour =10 km, 3hour= 15km,* . . . .etc.

But in physics we have only one particle which corresponding to

this condition. And it is photon with constant speed 1sec=300000 km.

In other words: SRT is theory about behaviour of quantum of light

in* the* spacetime.

c)

Emmy Noether was a great and famous mathematician, but bad physicist.

Why?

Because* there isn’t such law in physics* as* ‘ conservation law ’

or* ‘The law of conservation of mass’.

If you read in Wikipedia:

**https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conservation_of_energy**

**https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conservation_of_mass**

it is half-truth. Half-true* theory is deceitful theory.

You cannot believe half-true* explanation.

The true theory says - there is* only

‘Law of conservation and transformation energy/mass’.

We cannot talk about one without talking about the other.

The law of conservation and transformation energy/mass

is a law about a symmetry and asymmetry in the Nature.

If somebody think that* “ The Law of conservation and

transformation of energy/ mass “ is a simple

bookkeeping calculation of debit-credit** he* is* mistaken.

It is a primitive judgment about one of the most important Law in Nature.

Why?

The bookkeeping calculation of debit-credit is*

“ a symmetry law” - like 1$ is equal 100 cents.

But in the Universe we see the laws of symmetry and we see

the laws of breaking of symmetry.

The Life in the Universe is connected* with* symmetry and* with breaking of symmetry.

The forms of living creatures are almost always symmetrical.

But sooner or later comes time of breaking symmetry.

And a* "broken symmetry"* doesn’t* look as* symmetric thing.

( It means : 1$ is not exactly* equal to 100 cents.)

Between symmetry and asymmetry* the effect of ‘transformation’ appears.

But nobody explains what the* ‘transformation’ means according to one

single quantum particle.

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If somebody takes only one part of the law (conservation )

and ignore the second part of it (transformation) then abstract ideas

appear in physics* and we lost sight of the real picture of Nature* .

d - e)

Kaluza and** Klein idea about unity of gravitation and electromagnetic

forces in spacetime* is not finished.

One of problem that gravity is very weak force.

The electromagnetic force is 10^42 times stronger than gravity.

Therefore the problem of unity gravity with quantum theory is still unsolved.

f)

The string theory has its own problem.

In my opinion, if I don’t know what 2 + 2 = 4 then I cannot do more complex calculations.

And if physicists don’t know what 4-D really is, then following calculations are abstracted.

g)

‘Law of conservation and transformation energy/mass’* means

that energy/mass particles can be conserved into potential state

after / through* transformation* and later appear as active particles

also through act of transformation.

Through act of transformation the combined symmetry CPT

* ( charge, space, time ) can be created and* destroyed.

=================.* …

Best wishes.

Israel* Sadovnik* Socratus.

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