Of such arguments, even many Muslims do not know their implication and the reason for their revealing to the Prophet.
And while man studies the Quran and its interpretation, he will be certain that the Quran is the word of God that no creature can bring any book similar to it.
Many of such arguments are in the soora 2 and other sooras.
Now this argument:
[This aya was revealed in reply to Christians, because they said the Christ is the son of God:]
Quran 2: 133-134, which mean:
(133. a Or did you [Christians] witness Jacob when he was about to die, when he said to his sons: 'What b will you worship after my [death]?'
They said: 'We worship your God, the God of your fathers: Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac; One God c and to Him we are submissive d .'
134. That was a community [submissive to God alone e ] that passed away [and went to the ethereal world],
theirs shall be the [righteous deeds and devotion] that they earned, and yours shall be the [sins, infidelity and association with God] that you earn;
you shall not be judged about their [acts towards their brother Joseph] which they did [and about which you criticize them.])
a It implies: Did We reveal to you any heavenly book, written in it that God took for Himself any son? Or did your prophets tell you that? Or did you witness Jacob when he was about to die, and he then told you this?
Didn't he recommend his sons to worship God alone, and that God is One having no son, neither any father nor any associate?
b Jacob said: "What" and did not say: "Whom"; because he wanted to examine them to see is there among them anyone inclining to the idol worshiping.
c And they had not said "Three" as have you, Christians, said.
d i.e. submitting and complying.
e And they had not associated others with God as have you associated, and they had not said about any ‘Trinity’ as have you said.