France, steeped in genocidal blood, must face trial


Blackleaf
#1
The Times
December 05, 2006

France, steeped in genocidal blood, must face trial
Andrew Wallis


France was against the Anglo-American invasion of Iraq, but what about its role in the genocide of tiny Rwanda, a country of just 8 million people?


The hastily arranged car boot sale outside the French Embassy in downtown Kigali last Monday did good business. On offer were laptop computers, televisions, three-piece suites and, well, even the cars themselves. Given the decision taken by the Rwandan Government ten days ago to expel the French Ambassador, his staff and to close all official French buildings in the tiny Central African country, there was clearly little expectation of a return.

Behind these scenes of gloomy embassy employees packing and selling their diplomatic and domestic baggage is a recent history between France and Rwanda steeped in a mire of blood and guilt. Indeed it is the second time in 12 years that the French have found the need for a sudden retreat from Rwanda.

In April 1994 the French Embassy became the setting for the formation of the extremist Hutu Government that was to organise and carry out the meticulously planned genocide of the Tutsis. Witnesses spoke of these ministers, many now facing life imprisonment for crimes against humanity, sitting in plush embassy chairs comparing notes on where the killing was going best. Their host, the French Ambassador, later helped to evacuate those extremists to Paris, away from the apocalypse they had created. The ambassador then made a bonfire of two rooms piled high with documents linking his Government with that of the Hutu dictatorship of Juvénal Habyarimana.

Rwanda is made up mainly of two ethnic groups, the vast majority being Hutu, who, under Habyarimana’s “apartheid” State, took total control of the army, bureaucracy and government. The Tutsi, 15 per cent of the population, were banished from public life.

When François Mitterrand, then the French President, decided in 1990 to send in crack paratroopers to protect Habyarimana, his French-speaking friend and ally, it looked like just another attempt by Paris to keep a client leader in power. The danger came from across the border in Uganda. Anglophone Paul Kagame and his Rwandan Patriotic Front, made up mostly of Tutsis previously driven from their homeland by a series of earlier massacres, had invaded.

During the next three years Mitterrand had no compunction in sending in troops to save a brutal and corrupt regime. The Hutu army received millions of dollars of French weaponry; and the French elite training corps trained its Rwandan allies in how to dismember bodies, fire its new heavy artillery and use attack Gazelle helicopters.

Habyarimana was assassinated on April 6, 1994, when unknown assailants shot down his Falcon 50 jet, another present from the French taxpayer. The event ushered in possibly the hundred bloodiest days in history. Up to one million Tutsis were slaughtered.

As the body count grew, France welcomed ministers of the genocidal Government to an official reception in Paris. Meanwhile, its military continued to send arms to bolster its Hutu allies in power, regardless of the genocide they were perpetrating.


Since 1994 France has been adept at trying to hide this stain on la gloire. Its ministers, including the current Prime Minister, constantly repeat the “double genocide” myth, which alleged that while Hutu killed Tutsi, the Tutsi also killed Hutu. It is akin to claiming that Holocaust victims were also mass murderers.

So the latest French government attempt to cover its Rwandan shame is no surprise to observers of La Françafrique.

The timing behind the sudden release of Judge Jean-Louis Bruguière’s report, which blames Kagame for Habyarimana’s death, is no coincidence. Four senior French military and political figures will shortly give testimony before the international war crimes tribunal in Arusha. They have been called by the defence team of Colonel Théoneste Bagosora, who faces charges of being the mastermind behind the genocide.

It is deeply embarrassing, like being called to defend Nazis at Nuremberg. Shortly, too, Kagame’s government of reconciliation, which drove the genocidaire out in 1994, will announce the findings of its own inquiry into the French involvement in the genocide. It promises to uncover even more explicit details of Mitterrand’s crime.

President Kagame arrived in London on Sunday for a five-day visit to the UK. His 12-year-old Government has revived a country torn apart by genocide, corruption and poverty. He has emphasised there is no “Hutu” or “Tutsi” in his country now, only Rwandans. But while he has created a stable economy and new sense of pride, it is vital that the world, which looked the other way in 1994, now demands answers from France about its direct complicity in the genocide.

There seems to be an unwritten rule among Western leaders not to question each other’s foreign policies too closely. But genocide cannot be allowed to be so cynically forgotten. Tony Blair has a duty to ask some deeply troubling questions about how and why the Élysée supported a genocidal government before, during and after one of the most appalling episodes of killing the world has ever seen. He may put at risk having some of his own skeletons unearthed. But the dead and the traumatised survivors in Rwanda deserve such belated recognition — and respect.

Andrew Wallis is the author of Silent Accomplice: The Untold Story of France’s Role in the Rwandan Genocide

thetimesonline.co.uk
 
cortex
#2
You english are the experts on genocide. Hypocrite.
 
Daz_Hockey
+1
#3  Top Rated Post
Quote: Originally Posted by cortex View Post

You english are the experts on genocide. Hypocrite.

lol......quote the raven never more.

I seem to recall the US having a very hard time defining the word "genocide" back then lol.....no one is free of blood on their hands, how many native Americans were genocidally exterminated to give you all room "from sea to shining sea"?.
 
Sassylassie
#4
From what I've read France had it's hand in the cookie jar stirring up the slaughter in Rawanda. I see alot of fingers point towards the US meddling in world affairs but France and England are just as guilty but nary a word about their evil deeds. WHY?
 
Daz_Hockey
#5
Quote: Originally Posted by Sassylassie View Post

From what I've read France had it's hand in the cookie jar stirring up the slaughter in Rawanda. I see alot of fingers point towards the US meddling in world affairs but France and England are just as guilty but nary a word about their evil deeds. WHY?

There's loads of words about their evil deeds.

It's just that the French took a particularly differing view to natives than either of the two mentioned...you know when the US soldiers visited parts of vietnam they found many giloteens right?....they were so bad, the indo-chinese begged the British to stop the french returning, they stated they'd prefer the japanese to stay.

Britain has commited genocidal acts for sure, but not for a very long time in a different age, as has the US, slightly nearer.
 
cortex
#6
absolutely correct--it was merely a rhetorical outburst on my part.

The genocide that occurred in the americas--north and south ---was shared by well i geues the english spaanish and portugeese---and maybe dutch in the early days--oh wau=it the french too-but a minor component

One might argue that the north american genocide was still an english one---in a cultural way

im not going to argue with you---blackleafs post had nothing to do with any objective consideration for the lives of innocent people caught in the path of any empires ambitions ---or their neglect----but was merely a way of expressing his anti-french passions---sure we all have our petty biases---moi included of course---but wouldnt it be bigger of us to critisize our own contibutions to this problem
im not saying im going to do this---im too weak for that---but latvia has not harmed anyone---however my adopted home here has---so yes you are right the north american genocide is real--and in many ways is underestimated compared to say the the south american---there seems to be an implicite recognition of the latter and a denial of the latter.
 
Daz_Hockey
#7
Quote: Originally Posted by cortex View Post

absolutely correct--it was merely a rhetorical outburst on my part.

The genocide that occurred in the americas--north and south ---was shared by well i geues the english spaanish and portugeese---and maybe dutch in the early days--oh wau=it the french too-but a minor component

One might argue that the north american genocide was still an english one---in a cultural way

im not going to argue with you---blackleafs post had nothing to do with any objective consideration for the lives of innocent people caught in the path of any empires ambitions ---or their neglect----but was merely a way of expressing his anti-french passions---sure we all have our petty biases---moi included of course---but wouldnt it be bigger of us to critisize our own contibutions to this problem
im not saying im going to do this---im too weak for that---but latvia has not harmed anyone---however my adopted home here has---so yes you are right the north american genocide is real--and in many ways is underestimated compared to say the the south american---there seems to be an implicite recognition of the latter and a denial of the latter.

Latvia.....hehehe "one pound!!!"....simply put then, you would probably agree with the "pax-greecian to pax-romana / pax-britannia to pax-americana" view then, that effectively America is effectivly a emperial passover, like greece to Rome in the moden day if your suggesting American genociadal acts are somewhat inherited.

I could possibly go along with that.
 
cortex
#8
Just as an aside ---why skip pax-hispania or pax portugesa---wasnt that the first global empire--when the british said the sun never sets on their empire they were mocking philip the 2 who had declared the sun nevr set in his realm--200 years earlier.

a recent genetic analysis of the european population---so called haplotype maps---have been performed by a DR Sykes--a geneticist at oxford university---his surprising concluson is that the western european genetic haplotye--the so called RB1 haplotype--or genetic marker--- distribution indicates that the british isles were NOT primary inhabited by germanic tribes-but the very earliest migrations which consituted the core of the population of the british isles---came from Iberia--specifically northern spain were a small group of people---about 10,ooo yaers ago took refuge there and became relatively genetically homogenised during the last ice age--a subgroup of tthe them then spread over all of europe---most directly the british isles---

The point is the two most agresssive imperial peoples since 1492---are the " same people"

perhaps there is a genetic defect that makes whitie so agressive.
 
tamarin
Conservative
#9
The history of man is rape and pillage. Genocide is part of our DNA. Rapprochement may be popular today but it's an historical oddity. With a looming population crisis not far off this century, and the earth's dwindling resources close to the tipping point, one can even seen the sense and wisdom of genocide. Kill an' kill an' kill and let the victors enjoy the spoils. It's brutish and nasty but the longterm effects on the natural world are ameliorative. We're not far off the days of roaming barbarians who took large parts of Europe and Asia by storm. Their acts despicable, their legacy abhorrent. We're not far off from the days when warring tribes in Canada swept over each other, killing and destroying ruthlessly, and forcing those into slavery who were left behind. It's in the marrow. The ape's got clothes but he's also got a lineage. What you see in the mirror today is an anomaly. It's not really you.
 
gopher
No Party Affiliation
+1
#10
What a laughable topic! For years the right wingers in the USA have been saying BLAME CLINTON, BLAME CLINTON!

Now, all of a sudden, it's Blame France!

Who's next? BLAME GOPHER???

lololololol!!!!!!
 
Daz_Hockey
#11
Quote: Originally Posted by cortex View Post

Just as an aside ---why skip pax-hispania or pax portugesa---wasnt that the first global empire--when the british said the sun never sets on their empire they were mocking philip the 2 who had declared the sun nevr set in his realm--200 years earlier.

a recent genetic analysis of the european population---so called haplotype maps---have been performed by a DR Sykes--a geneticist at oxford university---his surprising concluson is that the western european genetic haplotye--the so called RB1 haplotype--or genetic marker--- distribution indicates that the british isles were NOT primary inhabited by germanic tribes-but the very earliest migrations which consituted the core of the population of the british isles---came from Iberia--specifically northern spain were a small group of people---about 10,ooo yaers ago took refuge there and became relatively genetically homogenised during the last ice age--a subgroup of tthe them then spread over all of europe---most directly the british isles---

The point is the two most agresssive imperial peoples since 1492---are the " same people"

perhaps there is a genetic defect that makes whitie so agressive.

Completely agree, if you look at a few Welshmen these days, (if they didn't speak at least) you would swear they were Spanish, it's actually obvious if you look at them with their jet black hair.
 
jimmoyer
#12
What a laughable topic! For years the right wingers in the USA have been saying BLAME CLINTON, BLAME CLINTON!

Now, all of a sudden, it's Blame France!

Who's next? BLAME GOPHER???

lololololol!!!!!!

---------------------------------------------gopher------------------------------------------------------

LOL !!!

That second to last line is pretty funny, and quite an interesting display of solopsism.
 
Colpy
Conservative
#13
Quote: Originally Posted by cortex View Post

absolutely correct--it was merely a rhetorical outburst on my part.

The genocide that occurred in the americas--north and south ---was shared by well i geues the english spaanish and portugeese---and maybe dutch in the early days--oh wau=it the french too-but a minor component

One might argue that the north american genocide was still an english one---in a cultural way

im not going to argue with you---blackleafs post had nothing to do with any objective consideration for the lives of innocent people caught in the path of any empires ambitions ---or their neglect----but was merely a way of expressing his anti-french passions---sure we all have our petty biases---moi included of course---but wouldnt it be bigger of us to critisize our own contibutions to this problem
im not saying im going to do this---im too weak for that---but latvia has not harmed anyone---however my adopted home here has---so yes you are right the north american genocide is real--and in many ways is underestimated compared to say the the south american---there seems to be an implicite recognition of the latter and a denial of the latter.

You should read some history.

The Spanish indulged in an orgy of genocide in the America. completely wiping out a tribe or two of native Americans by working them to death as slaves, or just murdering them. Finally, a Monk by the name of Bartoleme de Las Casas came to tthe defense of the natives, and fought with the Spanish gov't to stop the slaughter. He had some real success.

The French in the Americas never engaged in any way in anything that could be called genocide against natives. They did fight in theiir wars, and carried out a 300 year long melee with the Iroquois Nations, but it did not even approach genocide. The French lived quite well with their native neighbours, with numbers of them "going native".

I can remember no instance of the British engaging in genocidal practices against the American Indian. Perhaps you could enlighten me............I am sure one could find a few minor fights that may even have spawned massacres, but that happened on both sides.
 
Curiosity
#14
Gopher

OK - It's all your fault!.....hee



Ferrous Cranus is utterly impervious to reason, persuasion and new ideas, and when engaged in battle he will not yield an inch in his position regardless of its hopelessness. Though his thrusts are decisively repulsed, his arguments crushed in every detail and his defenses demolished beyond repair he will remount the same attack again and again with only the slightest variation in tactics. Sometimes out of pure frustration some will try to explain to him the failed logistics of his situation, or even fewer will attempt to penetrate the psychological origins of his obduracy, but, ever unfathomable, Ferrous Cranus cannot be moved
 
gopher
No Party Affiliation
#15
```Gopher - it's all your fault!```


Gopher road kill:


 
Gilgamesh
#16
Quote: Originally Posted by Daz_Hockey View Post

There's loads of words about their evil deeds.

It's just that the French took a particularly differing view to natives than either of the two mentioned...you know when the US soldiers visited parts of vietnam they found many giloteens right?....they were so bad, the indo-chinese begged the British to stop the french returning, they stated they'd prefer the japanese to stay.

Britain has commited genocidal acts for sure, but not for a very long time in a different age, as has the US, slightly nearer.

"Giloteens" -?

ROFL
 
Dixie Cup
Conservative
+1
#17
Quote: Originally Posted by Sassylassie View Post

From what I've read France had it's hand in the cookie jar stirring up the slaughter in Rawanda. I see alot of fingers point towards the US meddling in world affairs but France and England are just as guilty but nary a word about their evil deeds. WHY?



Don't forget the UN had their hands in it as well. When Canadian Peacekeepers wanted help they were ignored and no one did a damn thing to help them as they were forced to stand by and watch the slaughter happen. Romeo Dalaire (as I'm sure others under his command) told the story in a book and he is still suffering from the consequences of the decisions made. The world as a whole bears responsibility for doing absolutely nothing! So it wasn't only the French.....
 

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