Genetic study reveals Yorkshire is most Anglo-Saxon part of UK


Blackleaf
#1
The average Briton is only really 37 per cent British (Anglo-Saxon) - with the remainder of their genes coming from European ancestors from as far afield as Scandinavia, Spain and Greece.

DNA testing has also revealed how the people of Yorkshire are officially the most British people in the land, with their genetic makeup containing an average 41 per cent Anglo-Saxon stock.

London, meanwhile, is the most ethnically diverse, while the people of Wales have the highest proportion of ancestry from Spain and Portugal.

The analysis of the genetic history of two million people worldwide by family history website Ancestry was based on data collated from the AncestryDNA home DNA test that examines a person's entire genome via a simple saliva sample.

Results reveal the genetic ethnic make-up of the 'average' person in the UK and what countries and regions they can trace their ancestry back to over the past 500 years.

They found that the average UK resident is 36.94 per cent British, or Anglo-Saxon, 21.59 per cent Irish (Celtic) and 19.91 per cent Western European - the region covered today by France and Germany.

How British are YOU? Genetic study reveals Yorkshire is most Anglo-Saxon part of UK, while East Midlands is most Scandinavian


Family history website Ancestry studied the DNA of two million people using a home-based saliva test

The average Brit is 37 per cent Anglo-Saxon with the remainder of genes coming from European ancestors

The British also owe a fifth of their genome to the Germans and French, and 9.2 per cent to Scandanavians

English people have significantly less Irish ancestry on average compared to people living in Scotland


By Josh White For The Daily Mail
28 July 2016

The average Briton is only really 37 per cent British (Anglo-Saxon) - with the remainder of their genes coming from European ancestors from as far afield as Scandinavia, Spain and Greece.

DNA testing has also revealed how the people of Yorkshire are officially the most British people in the land, with their genetic makeup containing an average 41 per cent Anglo-Saxon stock.

London, meanwhile, is the most ethnically diverse, while the people of Wales have the highest proportion of ancestry from Spain and Portugal.


The Ancestry study found stark differences in the genetic make-up of people living in the UK. For example, English people have significantly less Irish ancestry - just 20 per cent of their genetic make-up - on average compared to people living in Scotland (43.84 per cent), Wales (31.99 per cent) and Northern Ireland (48.49 per cent).


The average Brit owes just 37 per cent of their heritage to the Anglo-Saxons while German and French heritage accounts for a fifth of their genes

The analysis of the genetic history of two million people worldwide by family history website Ancestry was based on data collated from the AncestryDNA home DNA test that examines a person's entire genome via a simple saliva sample.

Results reveal the genetic ethnic make-up of the 'average' person in the UK and what countries and regions they can trace their ancestry back to over the past 500 years.

They found that the average UK resident is 36.94 per cent British, or Anglo-Saxon, 21.59 per cent Irish (Celtic) and 19.91 per cent Western European - the region covered today by France and Germany.

The next three regional ethnicities in the average UK resident are Scandinavia, which accounted for 9.20 per cent of the genetic heritage, the Iberian Peninsula, with 3.05 per cent of their gene coming from Spain or Portugal, and Italy and Greece, which accounted for 1.98 per cent of their DNA.

Breakdowns of the data also reveal differences between residents of England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, and even within English regions.

English people have significantly less Irish ancestry - just 20 per cent of their genetic make-up - on average compared to people living in Scotland (43.84 per cent), Wales (31.99 per cent) and Northern Ireland (48.49 per cent).

But residents of England do have the highest amount of Scandinavian (9.39 percent) and French/German ancestry (20.45 percent).

People living in Scotland have the highest amount of Finnish/Northwest Russian heritage (1.31 percent), which is perhaps explained by their geographic proximity.

Welsh residents have the highest proportion of ancestry from the Iberian Peninsula (three percent).

Within England, London is the most ethnically diverse region, having the highest amount of heritage from 17 of the 26 regions analysed.

Yorkshire was found to have the highest percentage of Anglo-Saxon ancestry (41.17 per cent), while the East Midlands has the most Scandinavian ancestry (10.37 per cent) as well as the most Eastern European (2.47 per cent).

The East of England has the most Italian/Greek (2.53 per cent) and French/German ancestry (22.52 per cent), as well as the highest amount from the Iberian Peninsula (3.43 per cent).




People from Scotland, such as DJ Calvin Harris (top), have the highest amount of Finnish/Northwest Russian heritage (1.31 per cent), while people from Wales, such as actress Catherine Zeta-Jones (bottom), were found to be 31.99 per cent Irish




London, where model, Cara Delevingne (top), is from is the most ethnically diverse region, while Yorkshire, where former One Direction singer Zayn Malik (bottom) is from, was found to have the highest percentage of Anglo-Saxon ancestry

Within England, the North East is home to people with the most Celtic ancestry (27.58 per cent).

Analysis of the data provides a prediction of the locations of ancestors from 26 separate worldwide populations including Great Britain and Ireland, Europe, Scandinavia, Asia and South and North Africa.

In contrast to Y-chromosome or mitochondrial DNA tests, which only test the male or female lines of your family respectively, the AncestryDNA autosomal test targets the last few hundred or thousand years - enabling people to learn more about their more immediate ancestral history.

A recent study by scientists at the University of Oxford attempted to delve further into the genetic past of the British people.

Researchers analysed the genetic code of 2,000 white Britons and compared the results to data on more than 6,000 people from ten European countries.

They found that many of us have DNA that is 45 per cent French in origin while many white Britons are a quarter German.

Surprisingly, given that they invaded and occupied large parts of the British Isles for four centuries, there is little genetic trace of the Romans.

Similarly, the Vikings may have a reputation for rape and pillage but the genetic evidence shows they did not have enough children with the locals for their Danish DNA to be present today.

The Anglo-Saxons, in contrast, did leave a genetic legacy, with about 20 per cent of the DNA of many English people coming from the invaders who arrived 1,600 years ago.

Brad Argent, of AncestryDNA, said: 'At a time when the concept of British identity is at the forefront of many people's minds, it's interesting to see that when it comes to our ancestry, we're not as British or Irish as we may think.

'The UK has been a cultural and ethnic melting pot for not just generations, but centuries, and our DNA data provides a fascinating glimpse into our ancestors, including hints of immigration and emigration.

'While it's fascinating looking at this data on a national scale, the fun really starts when you test your own DNA and begin to delve into your own family history.'


The average British person is 37 per cent Anglo-Saxon, but people from Yorkshire and Humber have the highest levels heritage from the Anglo-Saxons (Sutton Hoo Anglo-Saxon helmet pictured)

ARE WELSH THE TRUE BRITS?



The Welsh are the true pure Britons, according to a separate study published in March last year.

Scientists at Oxford University produced the first detailed genetic map of the UK.

They were able to trace the DNA of people from Wales back to the first tribes that settled in the British Isles following the last ice age around 10,000 years ago.

Due to its westerly location and mountainous landscape, few invaders like the Anglo-Saxons, Romans and Vikings ventured into the Welsh lands.

This means the DNA of people living there has not experienced the influx of 'foreign' genes like other parts of Britain.

The research found that there is no single 'Celtic' genetic group. The Welsh, Scottish, Northern Irish and Cornish were found to be the most different from the rest of the country.

The Cornish are much more genetically similar to other English groups than they are to the Welsh or the Scots.


THE WEST COUNTRY NEIGHBOURS WHO HAVE REMAINED RIVALS



They may be neighbours but they have never been close. Now, genetics could explain why.

A genetic map of the British Isles published last year revealed that the inhabitants of Cornwall and Devon are two distinct groups.

And, remarkably, the divide in their DNA is an almost exact match for the modern geographical boundary between the two countries.

In other words, people with Cornish genes tend to live on one side of the river Tamar, while those with Devon DNA are on the other.

Dr Magdalena Skipper, of the journal Nature, described the match as 'truly stunning'.

Oxford University researcher Sir Walter Bodmer said: 'It's an extraordinary result.'

The study also showed that the Cornish have fewer genes in common with the rest of the UK than the people of Devon.

Sir Walter said this can likely be explained by the Anglo-Saxons taking longer to reach Cornwall – and so contributing less DNA to the gene pool there than in Devon.

He added that there would also have been political and cultural barriers 'not to cross into Devon'.

He said: 'People from Cornwall wanted to keep to themselves more.'



Read more: UK genetic study reveals Yorkshire is most Anglo-Saxon and East Midlands most Scandinavian | Daily Mail Online
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Last edited by Blackleaf; Jul 28th, 2016 at 07:44 AM..
 
Curious Cdn
#2
An interesting thing about the connection between the Iberian Penninsula and parts of Wales and Ireland is that those paleolithic wandrers walked to Britain. No boats were required. One theory is that the same people retreated to Iberia during the last ice advance and that they "re-colonized" their ancient homeland when the ice retreated. There are hints that a small population in Wales may not have left at all as there was an unglaciated island or two in the mountains (The same thing happened in the Yukon and they have some very ancient archeology, there) If they ever find a well enough preserved skeleton sone day, perhaps they can do some DNA comparisons, as they did with "Cheddar Man"
 
Blackleaf
#3
Quote: Originally Posted by Curious Cdn View Post

An interesting thing about the connection between the Iberian Penninsula and parts of Wales and Ireland is that those paleolithic wandrers walked to Britain. No boats were required. One theory is that the same people retreated to Iberia during the last ice advance and that they "re-colonized" their ancient homeland when the ice retreated. There are hints that a small population in Wales may not have left at all as there was an unglaciated island or two in the mountains (The same thing happened in the Yukon and they have some very ancient archeology, there) If they ever find a well enough preserved skeleton sone day, perhaps they can do some DNA comparisons, as they did with "Cheddar Man"

They wouldn't have walked across ice, though, from Iberia to what is now Wales because the ice didn't reach that far. They would have walked across what is now the English Channel when the English Channel and North Sea were land and Britain was a peninsula of mainland Europe rather than the archipelago it is today.

There are ancient roads in Britain - thousands of years old - on which reindeer walked along after they walked from Scandinavia across Doggerland - the land now under the North Sea - and into Britain.
 

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