History of the "quantum of action". / by Socratus /

socratus
#1
History of the "quantum of action". / by Socratus /
a )
Planck united together two formulas ( Rayleigh–Jeansfor
for long and Wien's for short wavelengths) and then divided them.
He was himself very surprised when the result was found correct.
And after that came . . . .
: " . . . some weeks of the hardest work of my life . . ."
The result was – quantum of action (as energy multiply time: h=Et)
The coefficient (h) was neither in the Rayleigh–Jeansfor nor in the
Wien's formulas. Planck took unit (h) as in some books are written:
"intuitively, instinctively, phenomenologically"
b)
In 1905 Einstein introduced unit (h) in different way.
Einstein wrote it as: h=kb
(Boltzmann coefficient multiply Wien's displacement constant)
And in 1906 Einstein wrote that Planck's and his results are equal.
But Einstein's formula explains quantum nature more clearly.
c)
In 1913 Bohr introduced "quant of action" in the hydrogen-atom.
d)
In 1924 Goudsmit and Uhlenbeck wrote that "quant of action"
can work in another way as: h/2pi (h-bar)
e)
In 1925 Heisenberg went a step further.
He discovered " the uncertainty principle" (HUP): Et>h*
f)
In the same 1925 year Schrodinger wrote that "quant of action"
can work as "psi-wave function".
g)
In 1926 Born showed that could be probability of finding
the "quant of action" in local place of the "psi-wave function".
h)
In 1926 Schrodinger found relation between his "psi-wave
function" and the Heisenberg uncertainty principle.
i)
In1927 Dirac "put into place the last of quantum theory's
building blocks". He "playing with beautiful equations"
explained that the "quantum of action" in the Schrodinger's
"psi-wave function" must have one negative anti-brother in
"an unobserved infinite sea".
==…
The QM interpretation doesn't fit the logical presentation.
" The theory of quantum electrodynamics describes Nature
as absurd from the point of view of common sense.
And it agrees fully with experiment.
So I hope you accept Nature as She is — absurd."
/ Book: QED : The Strange Theory of Light and Matter
page. 10. by R. Feynman /
==…

socratus
#2
Sorry, I missed one great name: Louis De Broglie.
d)
In 1923 De Broglie wrote that "quant of action" can be " pilot-wave ".
. . . . . . .
And therefore:
In 1925 year Schrodinger wrote that "quant of action"
as a " pilot-wave " can work as "psi-wave function".
==…

socratus
#3
Sorry, I missed one other great name: Wolfgang Ernst Pauli.
f)
In 1924 Pauli discovered that "the quantum of action" must obey
"the exclusion principle".
==…

socratus
#4
My conclusion:
Feynman wrote:
" The theory of quantum electrodynamics describes Nature
as absurd from the point of view of common sense. "
Why our understanding QED and Nature are absurd?
Because:
a) We don't know the reference frame for QED.
b) We don't know the geometrical form of "quantum of action".
c) We don't know what impulses h and h* (bar) mean.
d) We don't know why "quantum of action" has many formulas:
h=kb, E=hf and E=h*f, + E=Mc^2 .
===. . .

socratus
#5
My conclusion.
Nature is not an absurd structure.
It is our "scientific" thought of Nature can be absurd,
it is our "philosophy of science" can be abstract.
How is possible to escape philosophical absurd?
My s olution.
The history of the "quantum of action" (1900-1927) shows that
quantum of light, electron and antiparticle can be one and the same
real particle of different actions . . . . . because the particle obeys
“ The law of conservation and transformation energy/mass”.
This particle (quantum of action) created everything in Nature.
==..

socratus
#6
My s olution.
The history of the "quantum of action" (1900-1927) shows that
"quantum of action" can be a quantum of light, and
"quantum of action" can be an electron, and
"quantum of action" has connection with an antiparticle . . . . .
In the other words,
quantum of light, electron and antiparticle can be one and the same
real particle of different actions. This is possible because "quantum
of action" obeys “ The law of conservation and transformation energy/mass”.
"Quantum of action" has many formulas and they can be tied together
only through physical process of "transformation" but what "transformation"
means according to one single "quantum of action" nobody explains.
Existence begins on the quantum level and "quantum of action" is
primary particle of existence and he/it created everything in Nature.
==..