**#1**Oct 14th, 2014

History of the "quantum of action". / by Socratus /

a )

Planck united together two formulas ( Rayleigh–Jeansfor

for long and Wien's for short wavelengths) and then divided them.

He was himself very surprised when the result was found correct.

And after that came . . . .

: " . . . some weeks of the hardest work of my life . . ."

The result was – quantum of action (as energy multiply time: h=Et)

The coefficient (h) was neither in the Rayleigh–Jeansfor nor in the

Wien's formulas. Planck took unit (h) as in some books are written:

"intuitively, instinctively, phenomenologically"

b)

In 1905 Einstein introduced unit (h) in different way.

Einstein wrote it as: h=kb

(Boltzmann coefficient multiply Wien's displacement constant)

And in 1906 Einstein wrote that Planck's and his results are equal.

But Einstein's formula explains quantum nature more clearly.

c)

In 1913 Bohr introduced "quant of action" in the hydrogen-atom.

d)

In 1924 Goudsmit and Uhlenbeck wrote that "quant of action"

can work in another way as: h/2pi (h-bar)

e)

In 1925 Heisenberg went a step further.

He discovered " the uncertainty principle" (HUP): Et>h*

f)

In the same 1925 year Schrodinger wrote that "quant of action"

can work as "psi-wave function".

g)

In 1926 Born showed that could be probability of finding

the "quant of action" in local place of the "psi-wave function".

h)

In 1926 Schrodinger found relation between his "psi-wave

function" and the Heisenberg uncertainty principle.

i)

In1927 Dirac "put into place the last of quantum theory's

building blocks". He "playing with beautiful equations"

explained that the "quantum of action" in the Schrodinger's

"psi-wave function" must have one negative anti-brother in

"an unobserved infinite sea".

==…

The QM interpretation doesn't fit the logical presentation.

" The theory of

as absurd from the point of view of common sense.

And it agrees fully with experiment.

So I hope you accept Nature as She is — absurd."

page. 10. by R. Feynman /

==…

a )

Planck united together two formulas ( Rayleigh–Jeansfor

for long and Wien's for short wavelengths) and then divided them.

He was himself very surprised when the result was found correct.

And after that came . . . .

: " . . . some weeks of the hardest work of my life . . ."

The result was – quantum of action (as energy multiply time: h=Et)

The coefficient (h) was neither in the Rayleigh–Jeansfor nor in the

Wien's formulas. Planck took unit (h) as in some books are written:

"intuitively, instinctively, phenomenologically"

b)

In 1905 Einstein introduced unit (h) in different way.

Einstein wrote it as: h=kb

(Boltzmann coefficient multiply Wien's displacement constant)

And in 1906 Einstein wrote that Planck's and his results are equal.

But Einstein's formula explains quantum nature more clearly.

c)

In 1913 Bohr introduced "quant of action" in the hydrogen-atom.

d)

In 1924 Goudsmit and Uhlenbeck wrote that "quant of action"

can work in another way as: h/2pi (h-bar)

e)

In 1925 Heisenberg went a step further.

He discovered " the uncertainty principle" (HUP): Et>h*

f)

In the same 1925 year Schrodinger wrote that "quant of action"

can work as "psi-wave function".

g)

In 1926 Born showed that could be probability of finding

the "quant of action" in local place of the "psi-wave function".

h)

In 1926 Schrodinger found relation between his "psi-wave

function" and the Heisenberg uncertainty principle.

i)

In1927 Dirac "put into place the last of quantum theory's

building blocks". He "playing with beautiful equations"

explained that the "quantum of action" in the Schrodinger's

"psi-wave function" must have one negative anti-brother in

"an unobserved infinite sea".

==…

The QM interpretation doesn't fit the logical presentation.

" The theory of

**quantum electrodynamics**describes Natureas absurd from the point of view of common sense.

And it agrees fully with experiment.

So I hope you accept Nature as She is — absurd."

*/ Book:***QED : The Strange Theory of Light and Matter**page. 10. by R. Feynman /

==…