Diving into the unknown: What's physics after the Higgs boson?

Diving into the unknown: What's physics after the Higgs boson?

Thousands of researchers at the CERN research centre are looking for particles
and phenomena that standard physics cannot explain.
. . . . .
For instance, only 15 per cent of the mass of the entire universe can be accounted
for now with normal visible matter, the rest is dark matter of which there's very little knowledge.
An equally shrouded mystery is dark energy that makes the universe expand and pushes
celestial bodies away from each other.

"Because these and many other unanswered questions still remain, we must try to take them
on and understand phenomena that have no explanation in current physics," says Pekkanen.

One way to do this, is to make protons - the nuclei of hydrogen atoms - collide at tremendously
high speeds and energies, and study what comes out of the crashes.
Pekkanen and his colleagues have focused on particle bursts called 'jets' that are born
when protons collide. These events could contain faint signs of completely new particles.

Autopsies for millions of particle bursts

The study of jets at the particle level has become a nascent field in physics,
dubbed by Pekkanen and his colleagues at the CERN Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS)
experiment as 'jet particology'.
They record the collisions in the CERN Large Hadron Collider and measure their aftermath.
Virtually every collision produces jets, or bursts of tens of particles that consist of
quarks and gluons.
Researchers count the total energy in the jets and measure how their energy is carried
by different kinds of particles


My comment.
we don't know what dark matter is,
we don't know what dark energy is,
we don't know how the six quarks and six gluons create mass of proton
( '' The particle masses can be described only by approximately twenty free
parameters, unrelated to one another . . . ''
/ Haim Harari. Physicist, chair, Weizmann institute of science. / )

we don't know why Higgs particles contribute absolutely nothing to the
solution of these puzzles and therefore we need to find '' jets'' particles.
Do you understand Alice ?

yes, I understand my dear learned Rabbit.
It is like:
we don't know what an apple is,
we don't know what a plum is,
we don't know what a tomato is . . . . and therefore we need to find
'' an orange '' to explain what an apple is, and we need to find
'' a water-melon '' to explain what a plum is, and we need to find
'' a potato '' to explain what a tomato is.

Juska Pekkanen successfully defended his doctoral dissertation
Jet Particology & Search for New Massive Particles for Aalto University Department
of Applied Physics 5 December 2017

Congratulations, Mr. Juska Pekkanen.
So, the most basic particle than Higgs boson is a ''jet'' particle.
No doubts, with the PhD in the pocket, you will successfully teach the
young students the '' jet particology science ''.
Question: what next ?
The answer: '' . . . more and more money for less and less knowledge
about hypothetical specks of matter that go so far beyond the
infinitesimal as to border on sheer nothingness.''
/ Ed Regis. Science writer./

My knowledge of the proton may be outdated or forgotten. From what I can remember doesnt the observation of proton collisions fall victim to the uncertainty principle. Where as you might see inside a proton 3 quarks and gluon or maybe another time see 4 quarks, an antiquark, and a gluon. The gluon with the amazing strong force I would love to understand more. To me all I can envision is its like a rubber band the further away they get the stronger they attract. But how do they all come to be to make a proton that all have the +1 electric charge.

As for Dark matter and dark energy.
I would not rule out a possible modification to the theory of general relativity. There may be a small effect of gravity that we have not yet noticed, and this effect could expand to be noticed on a galactic scale. This possible effect could be what is causing our galaxies to rotate not as predicted by Kepler's, newtons and einstien's laws. Or maybe it can be the expansion of the universe itself, or a huge mass of blackholes orbiting galaxies. I think scientists should start to be looking for alternate theories, instead of just focusing on dark matter. Dark matter is starting to lose ground in trying to prove it. Dark matter may be correct but we need 150 ways not to make dark mater, just like Edison found 150 ways not to make a light bulb.
Last edited by OmegaOm; Dec 9th, 2017 at 04:10 AM..
God particle' or tip of the iceberg?
July 12, 2012|By Steve Giddings
(published in the Chicago Tribune)

Whatever comes next, CERN's discovery sheds new light on long-standing riddles
of the basic nature of matter. If it has indeed unveiled a new kind of matter,
this is a scientific discovery of the magnitude made, at most, a few times in a century.
And, it may represent the tip of a very big iceberg, involving even more exotic particles,
smaller constituents of matter or even extra dimensions of space — supplying further
enigmas for the next generation of physicists.

Steve Giddings is a physicist specializing in the high-energy physics of particles and gravity.
He is a professor at the University of California at Santa Barbara and has been a scientific
associate at CERN.


So, the most basic particle than the Higgs boson is a ''jet'' particle.


Last edited by socratus; Dec 9th, 2017 at 06:45 AM..