The U.N. (read U.S.) is dilly dallying because they're is no strategic value in Sudan. No oil. No resources. No geopolitical advantage by going in.
For perspective, here is an opinion on Rwanda:
Rwanda - a pawn on the geo-political chessboard
The Rwandan crisis, which led up to the 1994 ethnic massacres, has been presented by the Western media as a profuse narrative of human suffering, while the underlying social and economic causes have been carefully ignored by reporters.
The brutality of the massacres shocked the world community, but the civil war was preceded by the flare-up of a deep-seated economic crisis. It was restructuring of the agricultural system under IMF-World Bank supervision which precipitated the population into abject poverty and destitution.
What is the responsibility of the West in this tragedy? First it is important to stress that the conflict between the Hutu and Tutsi was largely the product of the colonial system. The objective was to fuel inter-ethnic rivalries as a means of achieving political control as well as preventing the development of solidarity between the two ethnic groups which would inevitably have been directed against the colonial regime. Divide and rule.
While the economic foundations remained extremely fragile, a World Bank mission travelled to Rwanda in November 1988 to review Rwanda's public expenditure. The World Bank presented two policy options. Scenario 2 was adopted. The government had no choice. A 50-percent devaluation of the Rwandan franc was carried out in November 1990. This triggered inflation of 20 percent and the collapse of real earnings. State enterprises were pushed into bankruptcy and public services collapsed.
In June 1992, a second devaluation was ordered by the IMF, leading to a further escalation of the prices of fuel and consumer essentials. The entire agricultural system was pushed into crisis.
Prior to the outbreak of hostilities, in high-level meetings held in Washington between the IMF and a mission headed by Rwandan Minister of Finance Mr. Ntigurirwa. The "green light" had been granted: millions of (aid) dollars came pouring into their Central Bank. These funds had been earmarked for commodity imports, yet it appears likely that a sizeable portion had been diverted for the acquisition of military hardware.
The World Bank had carefully reviewed Rwanda's public investment program and recommended scrapping more than half the country's public investment projects, demanded a significant down-sizing of state investment, the adding of user fees for public services, the lay-offs of teachers and health workers and the partial privatization of health and education.
No sensitivity or concern was expressed as to the likely political and social repercussions of economic shock therapy applied to a country on the brink of civil war.
Washington's hidden agenda consisted in establishing an American sphere of influence in a region historically dominated by France and Belgium. Uganda had also become a launchpad for US-sponsored guerrilla movements into the Sudan, Rwanda and the Congo. Major-General Paul Kagame had been head of military intelligence in the Ugandan Armed Forces; he had been trained at the US Army Command and Staff College in Leavenworth, Kansas.
The build-up of the Ugandan external debt under President Musaveni coincided the Rwandan and Congolese civil wars. In fact, Uganda had no outstanding debt to the World Bank at the outset of its "economic recovery program". By 1997, it owed almost 2 billion dollars solely to the World Bank.
Were did the money go? The World Bank was responsible for monitoring the Ugandan budget on behalf of its creditors. The government was obliged to fully reveal the precise location of its budget. Every expenditure was open to scrutiny by the World Bank, yet the donors had allowed defense spending to increase without impediment.
The Ugandan external debt was being used to finance these military operations on behalf of Washington with the country and its people ultimately footing the bill.
A similar process of financing military expenditure from the external debt had occurred in Rwanda under the Habyarimana government. In a cruel irony, both sides in the civil war were financed by the same donor institutions with the World Bank acting as watchdog.
As Washington pumped military aid into Kagame's army, he and his colleagues had designs of their own. Kagame conceived a plan to back a rebel movement in eastern Zaire. Launched in October 1996, soon the rebels were brushing off the Zairian army with the help of the Rawandan forces and marched through Africa's third-largest nation in seven months. Mobutu fled the capital and Kabila took power, changing the name of the country to Congo. US officials deny that there were any US military personnel with Rwandan troops during the war, although unconfirmed reports of a US advisory presence have circulated in the region since the war's earliest days.
At stake in these military operations in the Congo were the extensive mining resources, including strategic reserves of cobalt - of crucial importance for the US defense industry. Mining contracts were renegotiated with several US and British mining companies.
Meanwhile, back in Washington, IMF officials were busy reviewing Zaire's macro-economic situation. The IMF demands were tantamount to maintaining the entire population in abysmal poverty.
According to the testimony of Paul Mugabe, Major General Paul Kagame had personally ordered the shooting down of President Habyarimana's plane with a view to taking control of the county (confirmed by intelligence documents presented to a French parliamentary inquiry). He was fully aware that the assassinations of Habyarimana would unleash "a genocide" against Tutsi civilians. Forces had been fully deployed in Kigali at the time the ethnic massacres took place and did not act to prevent it from happening.
"Can Kagame explain to the Rwandan people why he sent Claude Dusaidi and Charles Muligande to New York and Washington to stop the UN military intervention which was supposed to be sent and protect the Rwandan people from the genocide?"
The civil war in Rwanda and the ethnic massacres were an integral part of US foreign policy, carefully staged in accordance with precise strategic and economic objectives.
It was an undeclared war between France and America.
Washington's objective was to displace France, discredit the French government and install an Anglo-American protectorate in Rwanda under Maj-Gen Kagame. Washington deliberately did nothing to prevent the ethnic massacres (the CIA had warned four months before of this very likely outcome).
The ethnic massacres were a stumbling blow to France's credibility which enabled the US to establish a neo-colonial foothold in Central Africa.
While English had become an official language alongside French and Kinyarwanda, French political and cultural influence will eventually be erased. Washington has become the new colonial master of a francophone country.
Michel Chossudovsky, Professor of Economics, University of Ottawa
an excerpt from, The Globalization of Poverty and the New World Order
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